The Space Shuttle is a NASA creation to make a reusable spacecraft, each space shuttle traveled to
space many times with the exception of the Challenger and Columbia. The top speed is 17,500 miles
per hour in orbit which is very, very fast. It achieved orbit by launching with 2 solid rocket boosters a
fuel tank to power the liquid rocket boosters on the end of the orbiter.
The craft was able to achieve re entry due to its shape and its special heat resistant tiles on the bottom
and a bad batch of these failing led to the Columbias destruction. After re entry the craft would glide
and then land on a runway. To transport the craft back to Cape Canaveral it would take a piggy back
ride on a modified Boeing 747.