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Cricket





History of the Sport

The exact time when cricket was created is unsure, but we know it started around the 15th century in south-east England. It was mainly played as a children's game until finally taken up by adult's arounf the 17th century. By the 17th century cricket was only played at the village level, but was growing in popularity in England. After the English civil war cricket was diminishing in the lower-class, but was flourishing in public schools. In 1664 the Gaming act was passed which increased cricket's popularity as a gambling sport. Soon gamblers with enough money tried to strengthen their bets by creating their own teams with better players. County teams were created and organised games were beggining to be played. Cricket was then spread to North America including the West Indies and Australia by the colonists and was introduced to India by the British East India Company mariners. New Zealand and South Africa followed in the early 19th century. After some time the actual rules of cricket began to develop and the shape of the sport known today began to appear. The first ever international matches were beginning to start and the first one ever was between USA and Canada. After a while over seas tours and national champions were occuring and the popularity kept growing, and know it is the second most popular sport in the world behind soccer.


Rules of the Game

The game of cricket is played with a bat, ball, and stumps (pieces of wood in the ground). The objective of the game is to score more runs than the opposition. To score a run the bat must contact the ball and the striker of the ball must run the length of the pitch to score one run. To score multiple runs you must run the length of the pitch multiple times or hit the ball past the boundary for 4 or 6 runs. If the ball crosses the boundary without bouncing you get six runs and if it does bounces you get four runs. The three parts of cricket are: bowling, batting, and fielding. In bowling a bowler takes a cricket ball and hurls it at the batsman hoping to get them out. There are multiple ways for a batsman to get out. A batsman can either get out bowled, caught, stumped, LBW, run out, hit wicket, handling the ball, obstructing the field, timed out, and retired out. Cricket is played in term of overs which consists of six legal deliveries. To bowl an illegal delivery you have to bowl either one type of no ball (over-step, height field disruption) or bowl a wide which isn't inside the pitch boundary. Currently there are three forats of matches: ODI, T-20, and test match. T-20 is the shortest format and is played with 20 overs per inning and only one inning per team. ODI stands for one day international with 50 overs per inning and only one inning per team. Lastly is the test match which can last over five days. There is no set number of overs, but only until the other side's entire team gets out or they declare and this has two innings per team.





By Jms1241 (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons